NOTE: There is also now a convenient shorter URL:

Below are my quick diagnostic reference guides for a range of conditions commonly encountered by anatomic pathologists.  I developed these as teaching aides for my resident didactic sessions and for reference while signing out cases. 

My suggestions on wording for streamlined, user-friendly diagnostic report write ups can be found here
Flashcards based on these notes can be found here.

All of “Kurt’s Notes” in one file for download (compiled by Jiejun Wu June 2023)

Gastrointestinal Tract:  Inflammatory

Inflammatory Patterns of the GI tract

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Medication injury in the GI tract

GI infections

Hirschsprung Disease


Gastrointestinal Tract:  Tumors

Esophagus Tumors

Stomach Tumors

Colon Polyps

Colon Cancer

Appendix Tumors

Anal Tumors

Lower Anogenital Squamous Tract

Mesenchymal Tumors of the GI Tract

GI Tumor Syndromes

GI Neuroendocrine Tumors


Liver, Bile Ducts, Gallbladder, and Pancreas

Medical Liver

Liver Tumors

Pancreas Tumors

Bile Duct and Gallbladder Tumors

Donor Organ Frozen Section Evaluation



Cytology Basics

Cervical Cytology

Effusion Cytology

Urine Cytology

Thyroid Cytology

Neck lesions (includes cytology)



Lung Tumors

Lung Cancer Diagnoses on Small Biopsies (condensed)

Medical Lung

Pleural & Peritoneal Tumors

Mediastinum Tumors

Heart Lesions  (Neoplastic and Non-neoplastic)



Vascular diseases (non-neoplastic)

Heart Lesions (Neoplastic and Non-neoplastic)


Head and Neck

Salivary Gland Tumors

Squamous Mucosa of the Upper Aerodigestive Tract

Sinonasal Tumors

Thyroid & Parathyroid tumors

Medical (non-neoplastic) Thyroid

Neck Lesions

Jaw Lesions

Ear Lesions


Central Nervous System (CNS)

CNS Tumors

CNS Tumor Concept Map  (Link to

CNS Synaptiq Flashcards


Soft Tissue and Bone 

Soft Tissue Tumors

Bone Tumors

Bone and Joint Non-neoplastic Lesions



In Situ Lesions (Non-invasive)

Invasive Breast Carcinoma

Papillary Lesions 

Fibroepithelial and Spindle Cell Lesions of the Breast

Non-neoplastic: reactive and non-proliferative

Diseases of the Nipple



Vulva (Tumors and Inflammatory)

Cervical Tumors

Ovarian Tumors

Benign endometrium (non-tumor)

Endometrial tumors

Mesenchymal Tumors of the Uterus


Gestational Trophoblastic Disease



Epithelial Tumors

Dermal Tumors

Inflammatory Dermatopathology (Rashes)



Small round blue cell tumors in kids



Medical Kidney

Kidney Tumors

Bladder Tumors

Prostate Tumors

Prostate Cancer Grading (condensed)

Testicular Tumors

Adrenal and Paraganglia Tumors

Donor Organ Frozen Section Evaluation


Lymph Nodes and Bone Marrow

Lymph node, Non-lymphoma



Dr. Rouse’s Handout



Disclaimer: These guides are meant primarily for studying purposes based on my reading. Although I try to keep them as accurate and up to date as possible, errors may exist. These should not be used for medical advice.